Fish Diseases Detection Kits with One-package Retail Preceded by Validation
reported by: Setiawan Liu
Jakarta, April 2, 2020/Indonesia Media – Shrimp and fish Diseases detection kits with one-package retail price are in the range of Rp 25 – 35 million (1.600 – 2.300 US Dollar), but the testing method should be preceded by validation process. One package of detection kits can be used for 100 – 200 samples of either fish of shrimp. The testing method applies detection kits PCR (polymerase chain reaction) which has been commonly-used or realtime or qPCR.”One reaction (resulting from the testing) for one sample. DNA/RNA-based testing through the process of PCR which can be applied conventionally, real time, or even Portable PCR,” said the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Affairs (KKP)’s head of sub-directorate for Fish Health and Environment Management, Nana Sarip.
One-package detection kits which has been validated is available for purchase and imported from Japan. The wholesale distributor of kit which has been distributed on Indonesian local market, should be applied to the relevant process of detection kits. “A few days ago, an expert of fish health from Equador visited the station for investigation of fish health and environment (LP2IL) in Serang, province of Banten. They came here to seek prospective cooperation on business development and technology of fish disease surveillance. They also wished to share technologies, use the facility of laboratory as well. But an effort made to seek cooperation would be business to business (B2B). It will not be G2G (government to government) deal. Equador shrimp will be more accepted by European market,” said Nana Sarip.
Aquaculture is one of the sub-sectors that can serve as a mainstay in the achievement of national fisheries development goals. Challenges in the development of aquaculture at least include four things, namely disease attacks, changes in cultivation environment, waste contamination into the waters and the rejection of aquaculture products because it does not meet the requirements of international markets. To address these challenges, the Directorate General of Aquaculture, KKP established the Technical Implementation Unit of Station for Investigation of Fish Health and Environment with specific duties and functions in the field of fish health and environment management. “The testing for quality and validation (of detection kit) with shrimp matric which is available in LP2IL’s laboratory. Otherwise, kit will not be validated. That is good for nothing. Shrimp farmers can not apply kit. The same things happen for European fish, which must be applied to the process of testing here. The characteristic of European fish is not the same with the ones in Indonesia. This is the quality requirement which must be conducted by distributors of kit. The fish entering Indonesia market has to be validated,” said Nana Sarip. (sl/IM)