Pendiri Apple Inc, Steve Jobs, meninggal dunia di usia 56 tahun. Mantan CEO Apple yang dikenang sebagai salah satu CEO terbaik Amerika ini meninggal pada Rabu 5 Oktober 2011 setelah bertahun-tahun berperang melawan penyakit kanker dan sejumlah problem kesehatannya.
Kematian Jobs diumumkan Apple dalam pengumuman Rabu malam.
Ikon Lembah Silikon ini dikenang atas jasanya menghibur dunia dengan iPod dan iPhone. Agustus lalu, dia baru saja menyerahkan posisi CEO kepada Tim Cook.
Jobs yang telah lama bergulat dengan Kanker Pankreas merupakan nyawa dan ruh bagi perusahaan yang menandingi Exxon Mobil sebagai perusahaan paling berharga di Amerika Serikat.
Mendiang Steve Jobs: Inovator Bertangan Emas
“Visi dan kepemimpinan luar biasa yang ditunjukkan Steve Jobs telah menyelamatkan Apple”
Apple Inc. mengumumkan Rabu waktu setempat bahwa pendiri perusahaan teknologi terkemuka asal AS itu, Steve Jobs, telah meninggal dunia. Dia wafat setelah bertahun-tahun berjuang mengatasi kanker. Dia wafat di usia 56 tahun.
Jobs mengundurkan diri sebagai Kepala Eksekutif Korporat Apple pada Agustus lalu setelah mengatakan dia tidak bisa lagi secara rutin mengelola perusahaannya. Posisi dia digantikan oleh Tim Cook sedangkan Jobs berstatus sebagai Chairman Apple.
Jobs dikenal sebagai pengusahan bertangan emas. Menurut stasiun beritaÂ CNN, Jobs mendirikan Apple pada saat dia baru berusia 21 tahun bersama dengan Steve Wozniak dan Mike Markulla. Mereka merintis usaha Apple dengan merakit sejumlah produk komputer desktop.
Pada 1985, Jobs tersingkir dari Apple setelah tidak bisa mempertahankan posisinya di dewan direksi. Dia lalu mendirikan perusahaan sendiri, NeXt.
Jobs akhirnya kembali ke Apple pada 1997 dan menyelamatkan perusahaan itu dari ancaman kebangkrutan.
Dia bahkan berhasil menjadikan Apple sebagai salah satu perusahaan terkemuka di dunia dengan menghasilkan sejumlah produk inovatif, seperti iPhone, Macbook, dan kini iPad.
Sebelum kembali ke Apple, dia juga sukses mendirikan perusahaan sinema kartun, Pixar Studio.
“Visi dan kepemimpinan luar biasa yang ditunjukkan Steve Jobs telah menyelamatkan Apple dan menuntunnya sebagai perusahaan teknologi yang paling inovatif,” kata Art Levinson, Chairman dari Genentech, mewakili Dewan Direksi Apple, seperti dikutipÂ Chicago Tribune.
“Steve telah membuat sumbangan yang luar biasa bagi kesuksesan Apple. Dia telah menginspirasi para staf Apple dan membentuk tim eksekutif yang luar biasa,” lanjut Levinson.
Cemerlang membawa perusahaannya menjadi yang terdepan, Jobs bermasalah dengan kesehatannya yang buruk. Dia pernah cuti selama dua tahun sebagai CEO Apple karena berkonsentrasi mengatasi kanker pankreas. Itulah sebabnya pada Agustus lalu dia memilih pensiun dan mendukung Tim Cook sebagai CEO baru.
There may never be another chief executive like him. Apple’s former CEO and co-founder transformed the world’s relationship with technology — forever.
For Jobs, how a product looked, felt and responded trumped raw technical specifications. While PC makers chased after faster processor speeds, Jobs pursued clever, minimalist design.
One ex-Apple employee remembers sitting in a meeting with Jobs, who was mulling over the appeal of Mini Coopers. (An old coworker of his sold them at the time.)
“He finally decided they were cool because they were small,” he says. “Steve said that’s when he knew Apple had to get really good at metal. Most computer makers at the time were all using plastic, but he knew to get smaller, you had to get metal really, really well.”
The move paid off: Apple’s titanium-turned-aluminum notebooks became bestsellers. The most recent MacBook Air models have been held up as examples of the ideal intersection of design, price and performance.
The new millennium was all about a rapid shift to digital content delivery, a disruption that sent music publishers scrambling to preserve their downward-spiraling bottom lines as millions of users downloaded music illegally via services like Napster.
Apple launched iTunes in 2003. A digital content service that charged for music, its ease-of-use and tight integration with the popular iPod proved irresistible to consumers. Now, iTunes is the largest online music retailer in the world, with over 200 million registered users who have downloaded 15 billion songs. The fall 2011 launch of a cloud-based iTunes service should only further cement that standing.
It’s easy to forget, but Jobs and Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak helped popularize the very idea of the personal computer with the Apple II, a mass-produced 8-bit computer encased in plastic that became one of the most successful PCs of the 1980s. It revolutionized the way people work. Much has happened since — not least the rise of Windows-based computers — but Mac sales continue to climb. In fact, Mac sales for the September 2011 quarter are expected to come in between 4.4 million and 4.6 million, a new record.
The Post-PC Era
Just as Jobs helped revolutionize personal computing with the Apple II, he also ushered what many now dub the “post-PC” era thanks to a slick slab of glass and aluminum called the iPad. Until last year, tablet computing was a nice idea stalled by bad execution. Users shunned early attempts by Microsoft and its partners to make tablet-laptop hybrids. Even Apple itself tried and failed to innovate with the Newton back in the early-1990s.
With the iPad, Jobs and Apple seemed to get everything right: an enviable portable form factor, an accessible operating system similar to the iPhone’s and a reasonable price. The iPad sold nearly 14.7 million units in 2010, and just last quarter, sales exploded 183%, proving that many people want a sizable yet portable device they can take anywhere.
Apple’s marketing through the years may well be some of the most innovative ever, starting with the 1984 Super Bowl commercial from film director Ridley Scott. In it, a female athlete bursts into a room filled with bald drones and hurls a sledgehammer at a projector screen displaying propaganda. Decades later the small screen nod to Big Brother remains notorious, but it was only the beginning of Apple’s excellent foray into advertising. Other campaigns included the Mac versus PC commercials with actor Justin Long and stylized print advertisements featuring darkened silhouettes of people jamming to music on an iPod.
Though Android may occupy a larger cut of the market these days, Jobs must be credited with turning the moribund cell phone market upside down. With the iPhone in 2007, Apple introduced a device that pioneered the smartphone revolution thanks to a minimalist design, large responsive touchscreen and solid operating system that blew Palm and RIM’s efforts away.
Jobs was involved in every step of the initial development process, which according to one insider cost the company $150 million. He also pushed for unprecedented control over the device’s construction with Cingular (now AT&T) executives — which is why the iPhone doesn’t carry an AT&T (or Verizon) logo on it. Users also have Jobs to thank for Visual Voicemail, which chucked the standard voicemail system for a non-linear “push to listen” interface, a feature other smartphones now have too.
The so-called “ecosystem” concept may be one of Jobs’ most lasting contributions to global business. The idea is simple: create a closed universe of hardware, software and services that — thanks to tight integration — provide a superior experience for users. Think iTunes, where users buy and listen to million of songs and albums, uploading them to an iPod or iPhone. The App Store functions much the same way for applications for Apple’s idevices. Makers of everything from cars to video games now think of their businesses as attempting to establish such ecosystems.
The Mac OS
Apple operating systems were always intended to be simpler than the competition — MS-DOS, Windows or Linux — and that approach is readily apparent, whether it’s Mac OS System 7 or Mac OSX, software largely derived from Jobs’ work at NeXT. Windows fans sometimes criticize it for lacking customization options, but that’s really the point. By making it as simple and easy-to-use as possible, the Mac OS maintains a strong reputation for accessibility and stability, something that couldn’t always be said of Windows through the years.
The Apple Stores
The first Apple retail store in Tyson’s Corner, VA was reportedly met with much skepticism. Ten years and 345 stores later though, the story has changed. Apple’s success with brick and mortar locations even spurred Microsoft to do the same (with mixed results). The key lies largely with the store layout. According to Apple lore, Jobs and company realized during the early days that the ideal arrangement was to break up areas based on consumer interactions: an area for checking out how a camera and printer worked with a computer, another space for multimedia-focused tasks and so on, with an emphasis on hands-on demos, so consumers could handle the goods themselves.
Ultimately, Jobs’ biggest contribution isn’t just a smartphone, a tablet or an operating system, but Apple itself, a 12,000-strong organization that was once on the brink of irrelevance. Since his return to the company in 1997, Jobs has rebuilt it into the most valuable technology company in the world, surpassing other heavyweights like Microsoft or HP. It may indeed be the greatest turnaround in business history.
Nothing better exemplifies that in design or scale than Apple’s upcoming new headquarters, a 2.8-million square foot campus that will house 300,000 square feet of research facilities, a 1,000-seat auditorium, a power plant and underground parking. “I think we do have a shot at building the best office building in the world,” Jobs said, who arguably wouldn’t settle for anything but the best where any area of his company was concerned.
This post was submitted by Arfi Bambani Amri / Renne R.A Kawilarang / v v / CNN.